For the past 35 years, the Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) at the Utah Department of Health has endeavored to prevent and minimize the harm caused by injuries and violence. We have learned a lot over these years and have valued our collaboration with you, our partner.
Since the beginning of 2018, VIPP staff and members of the Utah Injury Community Implementation Board (ICIB) have been engaged in a strategic planning process using a shared risk and protective factor framework. This is a dramatic change from how we have framed our strategies in the past, made more difficult in that only a small handful of other states had engaged in this type of strategic planning before us.
The Violence and Injury Prevention Program has an overarching goal to understand why violence occurs, its consequences, and the most effective ways to prevent violence from happening in the first place. To do this, we use data and other research to systematically collect information about the magnitude, scope, characteristics and consequences of violence.
● Build program capacity to include a learning culture for staff to advance health equity
and a trauma-informed approach across Utah’s population.
Prevention and Program Goals
● Provide awareness, support, education, training, and technical assistance on injury and
violence prevention, shared risk and protective factors of injury and violence, and on
populations disproportionately affected by injury and violence, to partners and grantees.
● Intervene to lessen risks and the harmful outcomes of injury and violence and to reduce
their occurrence among Utahns.
Shared Risk and Protective Factors Goals
● Improve the socioeconomic conditions for Utahns, disproportionately affected by
poverty through implementation of evidence-based strategies.
● Promote individual, family, and community connectedness to decrease isolation and
loneliness among Utahns.
● Encourage social norms shown to promote safety and health among Utahns.
● Encourage enhancement of Utahns physical environment to improve safe and healthy
● Improve access to and utilization of healthcare, including behavioral healthcare.
Data and Evaluation Goals
● Collect and disseminate accurate, timely, and comprehensive data on injury and
violence, on the risk factors for injury and violence, and on the populations that are
disproportionately affected by violence and injury in Utah.
● Conduct evaluation of VIPP’s prevention and surveillance activities to inform data-driven
decision-making and continuous quality programmatic improvement.
Why the change in direction? Prevention science tells us that there are social determinants that play a significant role in our health and safety. These determinants or risk and protective factors, are the keys to figuring out how to address community health and safety issues. The greater the number of risk factors, the greater the chances of adverse outcomes over the lifespan.
The (VIPP) uses data from multiple sources to identify higher risk populations for various poor health, behavioral, violence, and injury outcomes. Some of these sources include the BRFSS, YRBS, SHARP, and morbidity and mortality data. Additionally, VIPP uses current literature or data (national or state) to identify possible target populations for specific topic areas.
VIPP aims to develop strategies for all topic areas by structuring our strategic thinking and action around risk and protective factors that are associated with problem outcomes of interest. VIPP uses current best practices, literature, and other CDC and national resources to improve strategic planning and to develop shared risk and protective factors. The program has been especially focused on building capacity for work centered around shared risk and protective factors and has developed a strategic framework for VIPP work that uses 5 overarching factors that encompass our program areas and contribute to health outcomes. These overarching factors include:
- Laws and Policies– Promote laws and policies that support safe communities
- Cultural– Encourage social norms that promote safety and health
- Health Access– Improve access and utilization to physical and behavioral health care
- Physical Environment– Enhance the physical environment to improve safe and healthy living
- Economic Development– Improve the socioeconomic conditions for Utahns
- Connectedness– Promote individual, family, and community connectedness